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Enhancing Your Golf Game: The Role of Mobility


Golf Injury - Sheddon Physiotherapy and Sports Clinic Oakville & Burlington

Enhancing Your Golf Game: The Role of Mobility

While many golfers focus on technique and equipment, one crucial yet often overlooked aspect of the game is mobility. Mobility, the ability to move freely and easily, plays a fundamental role in every swing, putt, and stride on the golf course.

In this post, we’ll discuss the significance of mobility in golf and how it directly impacts your performance on the course. From enhancing your swing mechanics to reducing the risk of injury, improving mobility can unlock hidden potential in your game and improve your overall experience on the course.

Understanding Mobility in Golf

golf player squat

Mobility in golf is more than just flexibility; it involves a combination of flexibility, stability, and motor control. It’s about having the range of motion to execute a smooth and efficient swing while maintaining control and balance throughout the entire movement. Unlike flexibility, which focuses solely on the ability of muscles to lengthen, mobility also considers the coordination and strength required to move joints through their full range of motion effectively.

The golf swing is a complex, multi-joint movement that demands mobility in key areas such as:

  • Hip rotation to allow for a full backswing and follow-through;
  • Thoracic spine mobility to enable proper rotation and extension.
  • Flexible shoulders are essential for generating clubhead speed and maintaining control throughout the swing. 

Impact of Mobility Limitations on Golf Performance

Mobility limitations can significantly impact a golfer’s ability to perform on the course. Restricted mobility can lead to:

  • Compensatory movements, such as swaying or lifting during the swing;
  • Inconsistent ball-striking;
  • Decreased power;
  • And increased risk of injury.

Understanding the specific mobility requirements of golf and how limitations can impact performance is crucial for identifying areas for improvement and implementing targeted mobility training strategies. In the following sections, we’ll explore the benefits of improved mobility for golfers and exercises you can add to your training routine.

Benefits of Improved Mobility for Golfers

Enhanced Swing Mechanics and Power Generation

By increasing the range of motion in key joints such as the hips, thoracic spine, and shoulders, golfers can achieve a fuller and more efficient swing resulting in greater clubhead speed and distance.

Reduced Risk of Injury

Maintaining joint mobility helps distribute forces more evenly throughout the body during the swing, reducing the likelihood of overloading specific muscles or joints. By moving through a full range of motion without restrictions, golfers can decrease the risk of strains, sprains, and other common golf-related injuries. 

Better Overall Performance and Consistency

Enhanced mobility contributes to better overall performance and consistency on the golf course. With greater range of motion and improved biomechanics, golfers can achieve more accurate and controlled shots, leading to lower scores and increased enjoyment of the game. Improved mobility also allows golfers to maintain their swing mechanics throughout the round, reducing fatigue and preserving energy levels. 

Identifying Common Mobility Limitations in Golfers

Several common mobility limitations can impact golf performance. Identifying these limitations is crucial for developing targeted mobility interventions. Some common areas of restriction in golfers include:

Limited Hip Mobility:

Restricted hip mobility, particularly in internal and external rotation, can hinder a golfer’s ability to rotate fully during the backswing and follow-through, leading to compensatory movements and decreased power.

Thoracic Spine Stiffness:

golf player mobility

Lack of mobility in the thoracic spine can restrict the golfer’s ability to rotate the upper body efficiently, resulting in a shortened backswing and decreased clubhead speed.

Tight Shoulders and Chest:

golf player exercise

Limited shoulder and chest mobility can impede the golfer’s ability to achieve proper arm position and swing plane, leading to inconsistencies in ball-striking and potential overuse injuries.

Restricted Ankle Mobility:

Limited ankle mobility can affect weight transfer and balance during the swing, potentially leading to stability issues and compensatory movements.

By identifying these common mobility limitations through comprehensive assessments, golfers can develop targeted mobility programs to address specific areas of restriction and improve their overall performance on the course.

Exercises for Improving Mobility

Targeted mobility exercises focusing on key areas such as the hips, thoracic spine, and shoulders can significantly improve golf performance. These exercises aim to increase flexibility, range of motion, and joint stability essential for executing a fluid and efficient golf swing. Examples of some great mobility exercises can be seen below:

Thread the Needle

golf player thread the needle exercise golf player thread the needle exercise

The “thread the needle” exercise is beneficial for golf mobility because it targets key muscles and movements relevant to the golf swing. By rotating the upper body while keeping the hips stable, this exercise helps improve thoracic spine rotation, shoulder mobility, and overall flexibility in the torso. These improvements can translate to a smoother, more efficient golf swing with greater range of motion and reduced risk of injury. Additionally, the rotational aspect of the exercise mimics the rotational movements involved in the golf swing, making it a specific and effective mobility drill for golfers.

Open Book

golf player open book exercise golf player open book exercise

The open book exercise is beneficial for golf mobility because it specifically targets the thoracic spine and shoulders, areas crucial for a powerful and efficient golf swing. Improved mobility in these areas allows golfers to achieve a greater range of motion during their backswing and follow-through, leading to increased clubhead speed and distance. Additionally, the open book exercise helps correct imbalances between the sides of the body, promoting better posture and alignment throughout the swing.

Hip 90/90

golf player hip mobility exercise

The hip 90/90 exercise is highly beneficial for golf mobility as it targets the hip muscles, which play a crucial role in generating power and maintaining stability throughout the golf swing. For golfers, optimal hip mobility is essential for achieving a full range of motion during the backswing and follow-through. Improved mobility in the hips allows for smoother transitions between phases of the swing, resulting in increased clubhead speed and more consistent ball-striking. Additionally, the hip 90/90 exercise helps to correct any imbalances or restrictions in hip mobility, which can lead to improved biomechanics and reduced risk of injury.

Thoracic Extension

golf player hip mobility exercise

Limited thoracic extension can lead to compensatory movements in other areas of the body, resulting in swing faults and decreased performance. This exercise can help alleviate stiffness and discomfort in the thoracic spine, which can occur due to prolonged periods of sitting or poor posture. By incorporating thoracic extension exercises into their routine, golfers can maintain optimal mobility and function in the thoracic spine, leading to a more efficient and powerful golf swing.

A Frame Rotation

golf player hip mobility exercise golf player hip mobility exercise

The standing thoracic rotation exercise effectively targets the thoracic spine, promoting a greater range of motion and stability. Regular practice of this exercise can lead to increased flexibility and mobility in the thoracic spine, allowing golfers to generate more power and consistency in their swings while reducing the risk of injury through improved body mechanics and alignment.

Child’s Pose

golf player child pose mobility exercise golf player child pose mobility exercise

The Child’s Pose exercise serves as a beneficial addition to a golfer’s mobility routine by targeting both shoulder flexion and hip flexion, crucial components for an efficient golf swing. Child’s Pose can help golfers achieve a more fluid and unrestricted swing motion by improving the ability to extend the arms overhead and facilitating a deeper hip hinge during the swing. This enhanced mobility not only aids in generating power but also contributes to better posture and overall stability throughout the golf swing. Additionally, Child’s Pose helps alleviate tension and tightness in the lower back, hips, and shoulders, areas commonly stressed during long hours on the golf course or during practice sessions.

Integrating Mobility Training into Your Golf Routine

Developing a Personalized Mobility Plan Based on Individual Needs and Limitations

Recognizing that every golfer has unique mobility requirements and limitations, it’s essential to develop a personalized mobility plan tailored to your specific needs. This plan should address areas of restriction identified through mobility assessments and focus on improving mobility in key areas relevant to your golf swing.

Incorporating Mobility Drills into your Pre-Round Routine

Integrating mobility drills into your pre-round routine is an effective way to enhance flexibility, prepare your body for the demands of golf, and promote recovery after play. Prior to teeing off, incorporate dynamic mobility exercises that target key areas of the body involved in the golf swing, such as hip rotations, thoracic spine twists, and shoulder stretches. These exercises help loosen up tight muscles, improve range of motion, and optimize movement patterns for better performance on the course. Look for our future post which will include a golf specific warm up routine.

Seeking Guidance from a Physiotherapist

Don’t hesitate to seek guidance from a physiotherapist, especially if you’re unsure about how to address specific mobility issues or if you’re dealing with persistent pain or injury. Sheddon Physiotherapy and Sports Clinic in Oakville  is excited to announce that we offer TPI golf assessments at our clinic with our physiotherapist Erin Shapcott, who has completed several courses in golf rehabilitation and injury prevention, including TPI level 1 and TPI level 2. The comprehensive assessment consists of a series of 12 tests and screens that evaluate your mobility, stability and strength as they relate to your golf swing. The goal is to identify any physical limitations or imbalances that could be negatively impacting your swing or putting you at risk for injury. Based on your assessment findings, we will develop an individualized treatment plan to address any identified limitations or imbalances. The plan may include a combination of manual therapy techniques, therapeutic exercises, flexibility training, and core stability exercises to improve your overall physical conditioning and golf performance.


Throughout this post, we’ve emphasized the critical role that mobility plays in the game of golf. From enabling proper swing mechanics to reducing the risk of injury, mobility is a cornerstone of optimal performance on the course. We’ve provided exercises aimed at improving mobility in key areas such as the hips, thoracic spine, and shoulders. However, if you find yourself struggling or in need of further guidance, don’t hesitate to seek an assessment at our clinic. Our experts can provide personalized recommendations and assistance to enhance your mobility and overall golf game.



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