ACL injuries continue to be one of the most common and devastating sports injuries. Despite the long and extensive rehabilitation process, rates of re-injury range from 3-22% for an operated ACL and 3-24% for the contralateral ACL in the first 5 years after surgery. Due to these numbers, many athletes never return to their sport. A recent systematic review was published by a group of ACL experts in order to help develop evidence-based guidelines for rehabilitation following ACL reconstruction. Topics they examined included:
- Preoperative factors that can effect recovery;
- Effectiveness of physical therapy;
- Benefits of specific exercises;
- Return to play guidelines;
- Risk for re-injury.
Many athletes will start doing physiotherapy prior to surgery in order to strengthen the knee. The above researchers found that quadriceps weakness, as well as extension deficit (not being able to reach 0 degrees of extension or more) prior to surgery, will have a negative consequence on the rehabilitation process post-surgery. Don’t tell yourself these issues will get “fixed” with surgery, prehab is essential to guarantee a successful post-surgery outcome.
Strength and Neuromuscular training
There are many exercise programs designed for ACL injuries. What exactly should you be focusing on? Strengthening, proprioception and neuromuscular training are vital, especially for return to sport. For some ideas on where you should be focusing, please read our earlier blog, here.